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Ring Size Chart

The following will help you to find your perfect ring size as per different methods laid under:

  • Technique 1: Keep your finger near a measure ring of the closest matching size to closely fit around the outside of the circumference of the circle and if it does not fit then, choose a larger size.
  • Technique 2: Under this, the following steps would involve:
  1. Take a piece of paper or a non-stretchy string of 6” and ¼” width;
  2. Wrap this around the base of your finger to the snug fit and not too tight fit;
  3. mark the point where the string or the paper would overlap the forming of the circle;
  4. And then make a comparison of the length of the string or paper with the ring chart to ascertain the right ring size.

Care should be taken that when trying to measure the ring finger, the temperature of the body Ring Finger Measuring Tips: normal to avoid any shrinking or expansion of the fingers due to a rise or drop in body temperature. If you find that if your knuckle is much larger than the finger’s base, two separate measurements must be made and a size should be chosen which would fall in between. Ensure that the ring measure and fit are not too loose or tight around your knuckle and gives a perfect fitting.

Necklace Size Chart

Woman’s Standard Necklace Sizes

  • 14” Necklace: This size is the perfect fit for a choker
  • This size would perfectly fit around the base of the neck like a collar. Especially for a petite woman, this size would fit the 16” Necklace:collar bone and for a plus size woman, this can work as a choker.
  • : A very common size to just fall below the throat at the 18’ Necklacecollar bone and can be used for wearing pendant sets to just hang over a crew neck.
  • : A size falling a few inches below the 20’ Necklacecollar bone and is perfect for a low and plunging neckline or even a turtleneck.
  • 22” Necklace: A necklace size which falls at or above a low neckline.
  • 24” Necklace: another common necklace size to fall below any neckline.
  • 36” Necklace:
  • A size highly popular with pearl strands to hang below the bosom, to be worn as a single strand or can also be doubled for an 18 inch necklace.

Men’s Standard Necklace Sizes

  • 18” Necklace: a highly popular size that falls just under the base of the neck and is commonly used for beaded necklaces to sit above a crew neck T-Shirt.
  • : another common size to fall right at the 20” Necklacecollar bone. In this, if you are wearing pendants, it will get hidden under a crew neck or will get visible with a low v-neck or unbuttoned dress shirt
  • Another common size to fall few inches below the 22” Necklacecollar bone to be worn over or under a shirt, widely used for wearing chains.
  • A size of the highest length commonly used to wear religious or other meaningful pendants under the shirt and 24” Necklace:closer to heart to just fall above the sternum.

Suggested Sterling Silver Chain Options for Pendants

  • Coreana Chain: available in lengths 16”, 18”, 20” and 24” in sterling silver and gold vermeil with 016 gauge (1mm wide) or 030 gauge (3mm wide)
  • Rolo Chain:Available in 16”, 18”, 20” and 24” in .925 sterling silver and gold vermeil with 040 gauge and 060 gauge
  • Box Chain: available in 16”, 18” and 20” in 028 gauge in sterling silver and gold vermeil
  • Beaded Chain: available in 16”, 18”, 20” and 24” with 180 gauge and 220 gauge as sterling silver bead chains
  • Snake Chain: available in 16”, 18”, 20” and 24” in sterling silver and gold vermeil with 025, 040 and 320 gauge
  • Rope Chain: available in 16”, 18”, 20” and 24” in  sterling silver and gold vermeil with 50 and 70 gauge
  • Black silk Cord: available in 14”, 16”, 18”, 20”, 24”, 30” and 36” a best seller, whose clasp is made of 925 sterling silver

FINDING YOUR BRACELET SIZE

You may refer to the chart below for a basic guideline to bracelet sizes. Please note that this is an approximate measurement. Follow the steps below for a more accurate measurement.

Children's Length
Newborn - 6 mos. 4"
6 - 12 months 4 1/2"
12 - 24 Months 5"
2 - 5 Years 5 1/2"
6 - 8 Years 6"
9 - 13 Years 6 1/2"
Women's Length
Petite 7"
Medium 7 1/2" - 8"
Large 8 1/2"
Plus Size 9"
Anklet 9.5" - 10"
*Anklets usually come with extension chain
Men's Length
Small 8"
Medium 8 1/2"
Large 9"
Plus Size 9 1/2"

MEASURING YOUR WRIST FOR AN ACCURATE BRACELET SIZE

To find your perfect bracelet size, follow these steps:

  • STEP 1: Measure your wrist with a flexible tape measurements or a strip of paper just below the wrist bone, where you would normally wear the bracelet.
  • STEP 2: If you are using a plain strip of paper, mark your size with a pen or pencil then use a ruler to measure the length. That would be your wrist size.
  • STEP 3: To find your bracelet size, just add your wrist size with the appropriate measurements below.
Fitting Style Add inch(es) to wrist size
Snug Fit Add 1/4" to 1/2"
Comfort Fit Add 3/4" to 1"
Loose Fit Add 1 1/4"

Do you want a snug or loose fit? Well, that really will vary between each individual. If you are buying a delicate bracelet with a thin chain, we suggest doing a snug fit. Most other bracelets should have a comfort fit except when buying large or thick cuffs or bangles. It's best to buy large bracelets with a loose fit so you don’t feel like you are suffocating your wrist.

CZ Size Chart

CZ is an alternative stone used as a replacement for diamonds with acronym of cubic zirconia. As this stone is huge in supply with very low cost, and magnificent in shine and shimmer, we make use of these for majority of our jewelry offerings in the form of rings, earrings, necklaces, pendants, bracelets, brooches and pin for men, women as well as children.

CZ stones are made up of rhodium-plated sterling silver and is a crystalline form of zirconium dioxide.

Jewelry Glossary

GLOSSARY OF JEWELRY TERMS: A

Aigrette: A hair ornament consisting of a feather plume, or a spray of glitter, often accentuated by either a jewel or a buckle. Worn in the hair or attached to a head band, aigrettes were popular in the 1920’s through the early 1930’s.

Alloy: Combination of metals fused together. A base metal mixed with a precious ore to make it workable, to harden it, or to change its color.

Amethyst: Ranked among the most precious stones, until the eighteenth century when a large South American deposit was found in 1760. Its purple color is thought to be caused by iron and is still very popular. For more information about the history of amethysts, visit Fabulous Facets Gem History (use your browser's "back" key to return here)

Anneal (verb): The process of hardening glass, pottery, or metal by alternately heating and pounding it

Anodized: An "anode" is the positive end of an electrical circuit. In the anodization process, a metal object is placed in an acid bath and an electrical current is passed through the tank. The process causes oxygen atoms to bond to the surface of the metal giving it a thin protective film and a lustrous sheen. Aluminum, magnesium, titanium, and tantalum are often anodized.

Antique: Any object that is 100 years or more old.

Antiquing: A process of darkening the recessed areas of gold or silver jewelry to enhance the visibility of the engraving, thus lending the look of age or natural patination. Platinum cannot be antiqued.

Arabesque: Flowing scroll work, epitomized by curlicues in low relief

Articulated: Jewelry constructed with hinges to make it flexible; jewelry with moveable parts

Art Deco: Originally a French movement in the 1920s reacting against the ornate Art Nouveau style which preceded WWI. Popular in the US the style laid emphasis on bold geometric patterns and abstract forms.

Art Nouveau: Art movement widespread throughout Europe from around 1880-1910 particularly in the decorative and applied arts characterized by sinuous, organic forms and elaborately curving lines

Assay: The process of establishing the standards of purity of gold, silver and other alloys. After successful assay the article is hallmarked outside the US. Assaying finished pieces to ensure standards are maintained though is not a legal requirement in the US

Asscher Cut Diamond Shape: The "Asscher cut diamond" was developed in 1902 by the Asscher Brothers of Holland. It is a stepped square cut, often called the "square emerald cut" and like an emerald cut has cropped corners. Until recently very few stores carried Asscher cut diamonds. It gre in poularity after celebs and TV stars started receiving them in engagement rings.

Art Moderne (1935-1945): Also known as Streamline Moderne was a late version of Art Deco design. It emphazised curves, long horizontal lines and sometimes used nautcial elements.

Art Nouveau: Art movement widespread throughout Europe from around 1880-1910 particularly in the decorative and applied arts characterized by sinuous, organic forms and elaborately curving lines

Arts and Crafts: An artistic design movement that began in the late 1800s by jewelry designers who felt that their work should look handmade. Although some pieces were made of gold, silver was more commonly used to emphasize the craftsmanship of the piece rather than the intrinsic value of the components. Pieces purposely look hand-made, incorporating hammer marks and using less expensive stones like moonstone, mother of pearl, agates, or amber in simple cabochon settings. The Arts and Crafts movement also revived the art of enamel work.

Aurora Borealis: The term "aurora borealis" is Latin and means "Northern Lights". Aurora borealis rhinestones are glass stones that have a special iridescent coating that shines with a rainbow of colors.

Jewelry Care

KEEP YOUR BLING JEWLERY SPARKLING LIKE NEW

CARING FOR STERLING SILVER

Always ensure to use a special sterling silver cleaning clothor a 100% cotton(nub free)/flannel cloth to rub off any excess make-up or any other impurities. As, silver is a very soft metal, care must be taken to no to rub it quitebriskly and for the same a popular choice is a sunshine polishing cloth or a very soft bristle brush commonly used for babies. Other than any soft cotton, paper, polyester, and coarse fabrics containing wood fibers or synthetics are used then it can cause tiny scratches in the surface of the fine sterling silver jewelry.

A cubic zirconia can be easily cleaned with warm water and mild soap using a soft, cosmetic applicator to reach all of the crevices. Further, you can make use of a trusted jewelry cleaner or an inexpensive alternative of ultrasonic cleaner to remove any dirt and dust from your zirconium jewelry. Additionally, the process of steaming can also be undertaken using a teakettle or any other method and by holding the zirconia jewelry directly under the stream to loosen the dirt. Ensure to wear gloves and tongs or needle-nose pliers to not to get ay burns in your skin. After that, a polishing cloth can be used to dry off the jewelry.

For storage, making use of an airtight, sealable plastic bag or a lined jewelry box would be appropriate to not let the outside air affect the jelwery.

CARING FOR PEARLS

As pearls are very soft and tender, they warrant special care and attention. The jewelry box used for storing pearls should not be the same as that of the other jewelries, as by mixing the same, it can happen that other jewelry may cause the rubbing off of the outer white coating of the pearls. So, pearls are to be kept in a fabric lined box or in a simple fabric pouch.

On regular use, our skin tends to generate and accumulate sweat and acids, so as a routine, after wearing and before putting off the same in the box or pouch, it must be cleaned with a soft and dry cloth. Olive oil and those jewelry cleaners which are marked safecan also be used for the purpose of cleaning of the same.

Also, never consider to make use of ultrasonic cleansers, toothbrushes, or any other abrasive materials,dish or wash detergents, bleaches, baking soda or ammonia based cleansers to clean your pearls as these are too harsh to cause damage to the outer coating of the pearls.

Additionally, remove your pearls before putting any cosmetics, hair spray, or perfume and avoid in direct contact with heat and dry air because as this would cause pearls to turn brown, dry out, and even crack.

CARING FOR RHODIUM PLATED SILVER

Caring for your rhodium plated silver jewelry is a bit difficult. Only warm water and a mild liquid soap be used to clean the same and after that pat it dry immediately using a soft polishing cloth.  High care must be taken to not to use any sort of chemicals, ultrasonic cleaner, abrasives, silver dips, ammonia-based cleaning products, toothpaste and toothbrush for the purpose of cleaning your rhodium plated silver. Also, if you have an antique or heirloom, don't clean them without consulting our jewelry experts, as antique jewelry requires special care to restore their old shine and sheen.

CARING FOR GOLD

Gold is a robust metal with its shine and coating to withstand the long years of time, yet some points have to considered to upkeep and maintain its gold colored coating. Making use of a soft cloth and a mild detergent is enough to clean the dirt or oil or any other impurities of your skin. By soaking the gold jewelry in the mild soap mixture and let it sit for some minutesand then scrubbing the same with a soft or old toothbrush will wash off all the dirt to come clean with a better yellow shine.

CARING FOR GOLD VERMEIL

Many jewelries have gold plating instead of silver plating called as Vermeil to give a very yellowish shine and luster, as gold plating is comparatively an inexpensive proposition than silver plating, especially for bead jewelry. Cleaning of gold vermeil can be done by washing the same under a lukewarm water with some few drops of non-antibacterial and non-film leaving dish soap and brushing it with a mild toothbrush and to rinse and dry with a soft polishing cloth

CARING FOR GOLD PLATING

Gold-plating in a jewelry can come off easily by a slight scratch or bump. Always store your gold-plated jewelry in a velvet lined jewelry box or in another soft material. To not let any dust or oil accumulate on the surface of the gold plated jewelry, use a damp or non-abrasive jewelry polishing cloth to rub and clean the same. Further, you can take the gold-plated jewelry to a local jeweler, if the outer layer is peeling off to replace the same with a new gold layer.

 

CARING FOR GOLD FILLING

To clean off all those places, where a polishing cloth will not be able to clean, make use of a soft cloth, a small bowl to hold a quart of water and line it with aluminum foil. Into this mixture, add hot water and a tablespoon of Tide washing powder (not liquid or bleach) and stir and soak the same for 1-2 minutes. After this, take out the jewelry form the water mixture and pat and dry the same. Additionally, by overnight soaking of the jewelry in a washing liquid solution can also do wonders to clean off all the dirt, even form the hard reaching designs/corners of the jewelry.

CARING FOR GEMSTONES

Generally, Gemstones are quite hard and sturdy, but a slight negligence of handling and carrying the same can cause a crack to the stone structure of the gemstone.

Following mentioned are some tips to care for gemstones: 

  • Before going to exercise, take off the ring-set of it has a comparatively softer studded gemstone so as to avoid it with a hit and break case.
  • Store every piece of gemstone jewelry separately and not together, so as to avoid their scratching, as the hard ones may cause the breaking of the smaller vulnerable ones.
  • Clean your gemstone ring regularly so as to not to let it accumulate any dust or dirt. To clean transparent crystalline gemstones, take a bowl of water and soak in them the gemstones and after 1-2 minutes brush them off with a soft toothbrush and pat and rinse them dry with a lint-free cloth
  • Never use an ultrasonic cleaner for cleaning major gemstones. Diamonds, rubies and sapphires can be cleaned with ultrasonic cleaner but it may cause unalterable damage to some gems like emerald, opal, pearls, peridot, etc.
  • Some organic gems like pearls, coral, and amber should only be wiped clean with moist cloth as they are very soft and porous.
  • Be very careful of using hairsprays, cosmetics and perfumes while wearing gemstone jewelry so as to avoid any type of damage to the stone.
  • Opals type of gemstones likelapis lazuli, turquoise, malachite, require special care. For cleaning of these, never make use of an ultrasonic cleaner or even ammonia and also avoid its exposure to heat and strong light. For cleaning these opal stones, do not make use of a soap, as the chances are there of the liquid soap getting inside the stone and make its color disappear.

 

CARING FOR STAINLESS STEEL

The very fact about stainless jewelry is that it does not wear off in the long run to just dim its outer shine a bit. The best way to keep intact, a stainless steel jewelry is to avoid its direct contact with chemicals present in lotions, chlorine from pools etc. For cleaning of stainless steel jewelry, a mild dishwashing liquid can be used to soak the same and pat dry after some time.

Shoppers Guide

PEARLS

The Makings of a Pearl

The story pearls started when a grain of sand or another piece of pearl got into an oyster’s shell and the oyster shell, to protect itself from this foreign object, secreted multiple layers of a calcium carbonate substance called as nacre, a combination to form after many years a silky outer layer coating known as pearl. 

Both natural and cultured pearls are born and grow inside live oysters only, but the difference between the two types of pearls is that natural pearls are formed by nature, or by chance, and cultured pearls are man-made by injecting an irritants into the oysters. We can find that these days, most pearls are man-made cultured pearls only.

How to Buy Pearls

On a pearls buying spree, then consider the following six key factors:

 

LUSTER – Luster is the brightness, sheen and/or glow of the pearl. What constitutes a bright luster is the combination of surface quality and the inner glow of the pearl. With high quality pearls a glow will seem to emanate from within the pearl, especially when light reflects from its surface. Pearls that appear dull, too white, or chalky are not high quality pearls.

 

– Usually, those pearls have SIZE greater value which has larger size.

 

SURFACE – A clean surface is a sign of a high quality pearl. The more flawless a pearl is, the greater value it will have. A pearl should be pristine clean of any bumps, cracks, and blemishes.

 

– Pearls are widely available in the shapes of round, oval, pear, half round, button-type (one axis flattened), circled, or baroque and we can find that to have a perfectly round shaped pearl is very difficult as the chances of an oyster producing the same SHAPE is very low. Accordingly, other shapes like asymmetrical and “baroque” pearls are mad to be produced and these are comparatively less costly to use for jewelry making. 

 

 

– Pearls are available in a wide range of colors and depending upon the color complexion and suitability of it, numerous shades of the same can be chosen. People with a fair skin can opt for pink and silver colored pearls to perfectly blend and compliment their fair complexion. People with COLOR comparativelydarker and wheatish skin tones can make use of white cream and gold colored pearls to stand out and look well. Some others can also make use of color shades like green, blue and even red. 

 

UNIFORMITY –Another essential aspect of pearls is its uniformity of the characteristic to be produced under a strand or pair and the more uniform the pearls are, the more value it gets.

 

Types of Pearls

 

Akoya Pearls – Akoya pearls are those pearls that come from Japan or China, and this is a type of salt water cultured pearl.Akoya pearls has the lowest survival rates of only about 5 out of 10 to survive the nucleation process and thus are the most difficult to be grown.

 

– These are very lustrous and Baroque Pearlsattractivename irregularly shaped cultured pearls available at a low cost.

 

– The first cultured pearls without Biwa Pearlnucleus or with an organic nucleus, these pearls are obtained from a freshwater mussel and are named after a lake in Japan

 

Freshwater Pearls – These are those kind of pears which are cultivated from fresh water mussels and not from the usual salt water oysters. As these pearls are huge in quantity, the price of these pearls is inexpensive. The most famous type of freshwater pearl is the Biwa pearl, mostly grown in Japan, China, and the United States.

 

- Keshi pearls are sub-products of a pearl that range in size from very small to tiny and are formed accidentally on many cultured pearl oystersKeshi Pearls.The word Keshi in Japanese means “poppy seed”, and thus these kind of pearls are very small and minute just like poppy seeds.

 

– Mabe Pearls are mostly used in settings that hide their flat back and reverse side and are largely Mabe Pearlsgrown Japan, Indonesia, or Australia. The differentiating aspect about these pearls is thatthese pearls are not grown within the oysters body, but are grown inside of the shell of any kind of oyster.

 

South Sea Pearls (also called White SouthSea Pearls) –The diameter of these pearls usually ranges from 9 to 14 millimeter and these pearls are generally cultured in warm salt water in tropical or semi-tropical oysters in the South China Sea to include regions like the Polynesian Islands, Borneo, Australia, Indonesia, and other Pacific countries, etc.

 

South Sea Shell Pearls –South Sea Shell Pearls are hand-knotted pearls with perfectly round shape and beautiful AAA surface quality. Made from 100% South Sea oyster shell, these cost economical pearls with the weight, feel, and luster of genuine South Sea and Tahitian pearl.

 

South Sea Tahitian BlackCultured Pearls – Highly expensive and of larger size, South Sea Tahitian Black Cultured Pearls are those pearls found in the waters of French Polynesia. These pearls are large in sizes ranging from 8 to 14 millimeters and their color shades range from gray to black with green or blue with iridescent overtones.

 

Care of Pearls

As pearls are very soft and tender, they warrant special care and attention. The jewelry box used for storing pearls should not be the same as that of the other jewelries, as by mixing the same, it can happen that other jewelry may cause the rubbing off of the outer white coating of the pearls. So, pearls are to be kept in a fabric lined box or in a simple fabric pouch.

On regular use, our skin tends to generate and accumulate sweat and acids, so as a routine, after wearing and before putting off the same in the box or pouch, it must be cleaned with a soft and dry cloth. Olive oil and those jewelry cleaners which are marked safe can also be used for the purpose of cleaning of the same.

Also, never consider to make use of ultrasonic cleansers, toothbrushes, or any other abrasive materials, dish or wash detergents, bleaches, baking soda or ammonia based cleansers to clean your pearls as these are too harsh to cause damage to the outer coating of the pearls.

Additionally, remove your pearls before putting any cosmetics, hair spray, or perfume and avoid in direct contact with heat and dry air because as this would cause pearls to turn brown, dry out, and even crack.

 

STERLING SILVER

How to Buy Silver

In its purest form, silver is soft as gold and therefore, must generally be mixed and alloyed with another metal like copper to ensure that it becomes unbreakable and to add strength and thus cannot be purchased as such.

Usually, silver or sterling silver must be 92.5 percent pure to be considered as real and authentic silver and make sure before purchasing, that you are not allergic to metal silver as sometimes, people may find skin irritation on wearing silver jewelry.

On the aspect of the finish of silver jewelry, itis of the high qualitynot even to match the finish of metal platinumand can be given different textures like polishing, matte or brushed, sandblasted, oxidized, or antiqued to make a fine jewelry.

 

Rhodium Plated – a tarnish free finish

Care of Silver

As the metal silver reacts to pollutants in the air oncontact with moisture and heat, the coat of the silver jewelry can get tarnished to warrant high maintenance. This wearing off and tarnish can be removed by making use of a chemical tarnish removing solution for cleaning and wiping off the same.

DIAMONDS

The words used for diamonds is brilliance and so are its characteristics. Being, the hardest of all substances on earth, diamonds are highly resistant to heatwith its shine and sheento remain undiminished in the long run. Normally, a diamond does not break off easily, unless a very hard blow to the girdle can cause its chip to break away.

How to Buy a Diamond

There are 4 C’s to always keep in mind when purchasing a diamond:

CARAT –Generally, the size and weight of a diamond is denoted by carats and points with one hundred points to make up one carat. A diamond that weighs less than one hundred points is identified in point size like a .55-carat diamond is titled as a 55-point diamond. Usually, when diamonds are mined, larger stones are found a lot less frequently then smaller stones making larger diamonds more valuable and expensive. The more carat a diamond has, the more will be its price to cost more.

 

Clarity is that aspect of diamond CLARITY –whichdetermines its brilliance, sparkle, and value and the greater the clarity with fewer and lesser inclusions, the most sought after and expensive those diamonds become. The cardinal aspect of most diamonds is that they have inclusions which are in essentially scratches, trace minerals, or any other tiny flawed imperfections which diminishes the natural beauty and shine of the diamond. Diamonds that are classified as flawless have nil inclusions and thus are highly rare and sought after for their sheer brilliance of shine.Diamonds with extremely tiny inclusions follow flawless diamonds in quality, because the larger and the more visible the inclusions, the lower the quality and rarity, forcing the value of that diamond down. The number, type, color, position, and size of surface and internal inclusions affect the value of the diamond as the presence of large inclusions causes disruption in the path of light to directly pass through the stone, reducing its glow and dazzle. Diamond clarity ratings are marked as FL for flawless, IF for internally flawless, VVS1 and VVS2 for very very slightly included, SI1 and SI2 for slightly included, etc.

 

Another aspect which determines a diamond’s brilliance and sparkle is its cut in the form of the roundness, depth, width, and uniformity of the facets of the stone. The way a diamond is cut dictates the entering and exiting the passage of light to have a great impact on its glow and twinkle. If a diamond has been cut too shallow, light is lost through the sides to cause the diamond to diminish its brilliance and shine. If a diamond is cut too deep, light will escape through the bottom causing the diamond to appear dark and dull. The proportions of a diamond, specifically the depth compared to the diameter, and the diameter of the table compared to the diameter of the diamond, CUT –governsas to how light will reflect and refract within a diamond. While mother nature bestows upon a diamond the color, clarity, and carat weight, it requires great craftsmanship to unfold a diamond’s innate beauty and brilliance. Generally, when a diamond is cut well, light reflects from one mirror-like facet to another and radiates through the top of the diamond to emit a very heightened glow.

 

COLOR –The brilliance aspect of diamonds is also its color to act as prism, to divide light into a spectrum of colors and reflect this light as colorful flashes called fire. Amongst the types of diamonds, those diamonds are graded the highest which are colorless, highly rare and in top quality. Grading of colors is done by the letters of the alphabet, D being the greatest color quality and Z being the lowest color quality.

Asscher Cut Diamond Shape: The Asscher cut diamond is a diamond having cropped corners and is often called as stepped square cut or square emerald cut and was developed in 1902 by the Asscher Brothers of Holland. When a television show named Sex & and the City featured stars like as Kate Hudson receivingAsscher-cuts diamonds as engagement rings, the popularity of these diamonds got heightened with more and more people opting for this type of diamond cuts.

 

Definitions you should know:

 

Girdle: The narrow band around the widest part of a diamond.

Diameter: The width of the diamond measured through the girdle.

Table: The largest facet of a gemstone.

Crown: The top portion of a diamond extending from the girdle to the table.

 

Care of Diamonds

Though the old adage is that a diamond lasts forever, in order to maintain the sparkle and luster of a diamond, its periodical cleaning must be undertaken. To clean diamonds, a solution of one part ammonia and six parts water can be used. Additionally, once in a year checking by a diamond professional of the stone ensures that it’s fitting in the clasp is firm & secure and not wavering to fall off.

 

 

 

GEMSTONES

Precious gemstones – Some examples of precious gemstones are Diamond, Ruby, Sapphire, Emerald and some examples of Semi-precious gemstones areAgate, Alexandrite, Amethyst, Aquamarine, Beryl, Citrine, Garnet, Opal, Spinel, Tanzanite, Topaz, Turquoise, Tourmaline, Zircon, Peridot, etc.

When buying a gemstone there are the five characteristics to consider:

COLOR – The most defining feature of a gemstone is its color described inn terms of its hue, tone, and saturation. We can find that the highest quality gemstones have their color as green, red, or blue hue, a medium to dark tone, and saturated color. Generally, the most valuable gemstones exhibit a pure color and only slight hues of other colors in addition to their primary color. Color tone represents the depth of the color, ranging from colorless to black and is described as “light”, “medium-light”, “medium”, “medium-dark”, and “dark”. Color purity, or saturation refers to the degree in which the gem is free of brown or gray hues and the gemstones that are most sought after show little gray or brown and are referred as having vivid or strong color saturation.

CLARITY –Generally, gemstones are formed under unique circumstances comprising of a combination of trace minerals to create identifying marks or inclusions. Those gemstones that are called flawless are very rare and valuable and thus are very expensive to purchase.

SIZE –The size of a gemstones can be round, square, oval, or pear. On the aspects of weight, the carat weight of a gemstone is not necessarily an accurate gauge for a gemstone, because all gemstones have different densities. It might so happen that, two gemstones that have the same carat weight may actually have a different weight.

ENHANCEMENTS –We can find that almost all gemstones that are available have been enhanced and those gemstones that have not been enhanced are very easily recognizable due to their very high cost. Without enhancements, the shine and brilliance of the gemstone does not come forward and thus enhancements form as an essential to the polishing and finishing process of jewelry making.As part of the enhancement process is the heating wherein every ruby or sapphire has been given heat treatment to bring forth hues of colors of blues and reds. Furthermore, placing of emeralds in oil has been an active tradition from the long ages to fill any tiny fissures and to make them more beautiful and grand.

 

– A greater color saturation requires a shallow cut, while less color saturation requires a deeper cut. Unlike diamonds, we can find that gemstones do not have an ideal cut that is geometrically configured for brilliance. To ascertain the quality of a gemstone, we have to check its setting as to whether they have symmetrical facets or not. An asymmetrical cut crown in a gemstone indicates poor quality. A well-cut gemstone is symmetrical and reflects light evenly across the surface with its CUT polishsmooth without any nicks.

CABOCHON - a highly polished, convex-cut, un-faceted style

 

Care of Gemstones

Gemstones should be cleaned in warm water with an ammonia based detergent, and a small soft brush and pat dry with a soft towel.

Jewelry made of gemstones should be separately kept in a soft pouch to avoid scratching and breaking of the stonesby coming in contact with each other.

Birthstone Chart

Use the chart below to learn about some of the unique qualities and ancient folklore associated with modern birthstones:

 

January Capricorn Garnet - As per the ancient folklore, January Capricorn Garnet stone is believed to have magical properties to assure its wearer love and faithfulness. The color of this birthstone is deep red.

 

- In ancient Greece, February Aquarius Amethyst stone is believed to protect one from the effects of wine! This February Aquarius Amethyst stoneis a relative of quartz and is generally found in varying purple tones.

 

 

March Pisces Aquamarine - Reminiscent of the clear blue ocean, gazing into this lovely stone, it is believed that this stone has the power to transport people to remote island beaches.March Pisces Aquamarine stone is of the same family of Beryl stones as emeralds and is characterized as the resplendent of the color of a clear blue ocean.

 

– Originating from the Greek "April Aries Diamondadamas," meaning indomitable, these April Aries Diamondsare believed to offer protection and strength in the face of adversity.Those people whose birthdays fall in April have the opportunity of claiming these stones as their diamonds.

 

- Sacred to the Goddess Venus, this May Taurus EmeraldstoneMay Taurus Emerald has been believed to bring fertility and creativity and are hugely admired for their bold green hues imitating the natural world.

 

 

-Considered in the past as symbols of innocence in ancient Greece, these daysJune Gemini Pearl,June Gemini Pearl are believed to represent tradition and simplicity.June Gemini Pearl stones are highly unique sets of pearls found inside the shells of mollusks.

 

July Cancer Ruby–From time immemorial, rubies have been highly revered for thousands of years as they are associated with royalty and power of life. Generally, rubies are derived from the mineral corundum and are considered more valuable than diamonds.

 

- The August Leo August Leo PeridotPerido stone is found in lava to make electric green of August's birthstonejewlery.August Leo Peridot stone is associated with the planet sun and is considered to be endowed with mystical powers.

 

- A stone associated and owned by people with zodiac sign Virgos to enjoy by its wearing better vision, purity, and spiritual enlightenmentSeptember Virgo Sapphire.September Virgo Sapphire is the most traditional and intoxicated blue stone, considered as the cousin of ruby.

 

October Libra Opal - Highly valued for their shocking beauty, October Libra Opal is a white stone with rainbow color hues to dance around various multi colors.

 

–The month November offers a choice between two beautiful stones, citrine November Scorpio Citrine and Topazand topaz. According to ancient folklore, it is believed that citrine connotes a sense of balance and well-being and Topaz, originating from the Sanskrit word "tapas," is inferred to give huge to its wearer.

 

–Apart from turquoise, an additional stone to celebrate the month December, this birthstone December Sagittarius Tanzanite is a striking, purplish-blue stone, discovered in December Sagittarius Tanzanite1960s in Tanzania.

 

GOLD

Gold is a soft, malleableprecious yellow metal highly popular for making jewelry as it has the properties of being tarnish free, non-toxic, anti-corrosive and hypo-allergenic. Generally, yellow gold is alloyed with zinc, nickel, palladium, copper or silver to make rose or white gold to make the metal firm and sturdy as gold in its pure form is very brittle and easy to break off.

- Pronounced "Vermeilvermay," vermeil is a French word describing sterling silver that has been electroplated with at least 100 millionths of an inch of karat gold.

 

How to Buy Gold

If on the pursuit of purchasing a gold jewelry, check for the carat hallmark to identify its real worth and authenticity. Generally, pure gold consists of 24 carats and is too soft and brittle for its use as a jewelry. Hence, 18 carat gold is used for carving jewelry as it is harder and less brittle than pure gold to contain only 75% pure gold. Most popular carat metric used in the United States is the 14 carat quality of gold and nothing less than 10 carat gold be legally valid to be sold here. However, jewelry made of lower carat gold are popular in other countries of the world.

Care for Gold

Always keep gold jewelry in a separate fabric lined case separate from other jewelry. For cleaning gold jewelry, care to never use a harsh chemical and only use a mild soap or detergent. Professional assistance can also be taken to repair if the setting of the gold jewelry breaks from its hold.